Sebhorreic Keratosis is the most common skin infection that is affecting old people in the United States of America. The infection mostly affects middle aged and old people. It is characterized by lesions or small growths that occur on areas that are more exposed to sunlight like: at the trunk or head, face, chest, shoulders, the back and the neck region. They appear in different colors from black to light tan and are oval or round. They feel flat or slightly elevated and can range from very small to even larger than 2.5 centimeters. The growths may resemble many other skin ailments like warts but they don’t have viral origin. They do not result to skin cancer so you should not fear when you see growths on your skin. When the growths turn black, it may be difficult to distinguish them from skin cancer and other skin infections hence a medical biopsy becomes necessary to distinguish. The infection is hereditary and is not caused by skin’s exposure to sunlight but they may erupt during pregnancy due to hormone replacement therapy or as a result of other medical problems.
There are various methods used to treat sebhorreic keratosis and may include natural home remedies and various procedures performed at the hospital. In the United States of America, the most commonly used techniques are those at the hospital and they include:
• Burning the growths with an electric current and this is known as electrocautery. The method may leave scars on the skin if it is not done properly or carefully, and it may take much more time as compared with the other treatment methods. It may be used alone or combined with a curettage which scraps off the growths from the skin.
• Vaporizing the growths with a laser, a process commonly known as ablation. There are many and different types of laser treatments. Your doctor may apply pigment to the growth to assist him/her concentrate the laser light and be more effective.
• Freezing the growths with liquid nitrogen otherwise known as cryosurgery. This is a very effective method of treating Sebhorrheic keratosis; however it may not work on large and thick growths and may lighten the treated area of the skin a condition called hypo pigmentation.
• Scraping the infected part of the skin with a special equipment known as a curettage. The curettage is used together with cryosurgery as a treatment method for thinner and flat growths; in this case electrocautery may be used.
Some of the home remedies carried out include using glycolic acid solution, lemon juice, lemon sugar scrub, apple cider vinegar, horse radish and hydrogen peroxide to burn out the growths.
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