A child’s skin is very sensitive, unlike adults so they can suffer more from conditions such as Keratosis. Skin care for children should be gentle, because skin damage in childhood could carry on until he gets old. For example, if a child always stays under the heat of the sun, he or she could develop freckles. Freckles could carry on later in life.
Regarding keratosis and pigmentation, there are risks factors for having them. Melanin and keratin are involved in such skin disorders. Keratosis is the overproduction of keratin (protein component of hair and nails) while pigmentation is the overproduction of melanin (responsible for skin tone). These two are important when it comes to certain bodily functions. Keratin constitutes up our nails and hair, while melanin protects the skin. Keratin and melanin are harmless, but too much of it is not good for the skin.
People with fair skin tone are more affected by sunlight than darker skinned people. Actinic keratosis causes crusty scaly patches to appear on skin, specially those areas that get more sun exposure.
Keratosis Pilaris – Keratosis pilaris resembles goosebumps. This situation is genetic and affects hair follicles. Excessive keratin which is accumulated on the hair follicles of the skin causes it.
Seborrheic Keratosis – could resemble actinic keratosis.
Your children can have them too, and how can you prevent it? Having these skin disorders is inevitable but you can try to put up some ways to lower risks. Since environmental and genetic factors play a big role on possibility of having keratosis, it could be hard to prevent. If you have a family history of keratosis, then your child has higher risks. Some situations are not completely revertable, but it is removable. You can just choose from surgery or skin cream/lotion application.
The normal pigmentation of skin is just alright, but excessive pigmentation is a trouble. The main result of over pigmentation is that it causes skin to get uneven color. Extra ultraviolet rays that the skin absorbs are restrained by melanin. The darker the skin, the more melanin the body produces. Overexposure to the sun’s harmful rays contributes greatly to hyperpigmentation. concealing yourself from too much sunlight with the use of umbrellas is a way to prevent too much sun exposure. Sunscreens/sunblock can also shield the skin. Uneven skin color can also be prevented with lotions containing high sun protection factor.
So, the most effective way to prevent these skin problems is to avoid too much sunlight, especially from 10 AM to 4 PM. Exposure to the sun is not at all bad, but it should be put into moderation.